The Jack’s fruit is one of most widely cultivated tree species in the world, rich with remarkable nutritional values. It has a large fruit which is one of the most massive tree-borne fruits (5-30 kg). It has been called the largest tree-borne fruit in the world, but it’s actually considered a giant herb. Jackfruit trees are also known as jackwood trees and they’re native to India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.
The edible parts of this remarkable plant are its fleshy yellowish seeds found inside the large orange pods. These sweet tasting pods have an interesting texture which resembles pulled pork or chicken, so you might see them used in vegetarian dishes instead of meat sometimes at restaurants around town. If you’re ever lucky enough to get your hands on some fresh jackfruit then take advantage because it only lasts about one week before spoiling!
Benefit of Jack’s fruit
The taste of jack fruits can vary from bland to sweet/sour, depending on the cultivar and stage of ripeness. The fruit is fleshy, with a very sticky texture.
The taste and flavor of the fruit can also vary from region to region. In general it has been described as being somewhat similar to that of a pineapple, banana or papaya. Jackfruit is used in cuisines across South and Southeast Asia.
In India, jackfruit is referred to by multiple names such as “kathal”, “narthangai”, chakka” and most commonly the name which originated from Sanskrit “māṣa”. It is called Chanthaburi (ชะนะบุรี) in Thailand, Durian Belanda (ডুরিন বেলাংদা) in Bangla, “sâmburi” or “māṣa hulavali” in Telugu, “jaka”, “chakka”, “māsa”, or mwalo wa pili (the most urban term) among the Luo of Kenya. It is called Ja-paar in Marathi, Jackfruit tree is called as अच्छी ताई(acchi taai/achi tai)or काडी फुल (kadifu phule )in Hindi.
In Indonesia, it is called “nangka”, in Malaysia as Jambu ayer or Jambu air (water jambu), and in the Philippines as langka.
Each part of jack’s fruit has its own name:
The flowers are also edible and called thoran in Kerala. The leaves are used as a wrap for cooking food to be steamed, such as idli or medu vada. In Karnataka, this leaf is used to make an ambali dish which includes dal and rice, with turmeric and other spices…In Vietnam the leaves are used as a wrapper for mo gai. Pulp from young fruits is eaten fresh with salt, chilies etc., often blended with yogurt, sugar, salt and sometimes cucumber to make a lassi-like drink known as jambura. Young jackfruit pulp is also blended with water to make a juice called “sinh tố” in Vietnam or ‘su’ in Northern dialects of Northern province of Thailand. The more mature fruits are used for savory dishes, the core being sauteed first before adding other ingredients, or cooked alone into a curry called kathal ka gosht (कातळ का गोश्पत्)or dum aloo(Hindi).
Jack’s fruit leaves are also consumed by tribal people in some parts of Kerala, Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka. The leaves are called ‘ketti paalaka’ inMalayalam or ‘cheppan palak’ in Tulu. It is the main dish during Godana(ಗೋಡಾನ)and Bhajani festivals among Tuluvas/ Doddas in coastal region of Karnataka. Jackfruit leaves are also used to make a Tamil delicacy called vazhuthanapaal ( வழுத்த ந ப ˋ ā ḷ ) .Mamidipappu (మామ ీ ప ప ) or mamidikaya pulihora(Telugu) is a popular dish in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. In the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, a curry made from Jackfruit seeds is prepared during Pongal / Thai Pongal festival season. The ripe fruit pulp is usually preserved by fermentation to make a delicacy called chakka varuthathu. Jackfruit seed curry with steamed rice cakes(Tiruvadai/Medu vada)is a very popular combination in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. In Maharashtra, jackfruit flesh is eaten as a dessert. When boiled with sugar, it is called “kaju ka halwa” or when combined with milk, it is known as “payasam”. Jackfruit seed oil extracted from the seeds of ripe fruits also finds an extensive range of applications such as in soaps and hair conditioners.
Jack fruit whole grain flour has been used for decades in southern India to make idlis and dosas. In some parts of peninsular India, unripe jackfruit is cooked with lentils. The sap from the trunk of the tree can be used to remove hair and makes a good glue for repairing broken bangles and furniture. The leaves are used by tribes of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for making baskets etc.,
Nutritional value of Jack’s fruit
Jackfruit is known as the “King of Fruit”. It’s nutritional value makes it a popular food choice all over the world.
Jackfruit is low in fat, cholesterol free and sodium free. Jackfruit contains high amounts of dietary fiber, vitamin B6, potassium, copper, manganese and vitamins A, E and C. The fruit also contains a relatively good amount of calcium which makes it an important food choice for people with dairy intolerance problems because it can be used as a dairy substitute. ~ Ayurvedahealthcare.com
Jackfruit has rich contents of carbohydrates and natural sugars like sucrose (about 5%) and glucose (about 3%). Other than that jackfruit consists of proteins 2-2.5% and lipids 1-1.5%. Lastly, sodium content is 0.6% while phosphorus, iron and zinc ranges from 15-25 mg/100g of jack fruit pulp respectively. ~ TheNutritionally
Chemical Composition of Jackfruit Pulp: Total solids 75.35 % Crude Fiber 21.28 % Crude Protein 04.95 % Total fat 0.93 % Ash 1.14 % Calcium 01 .41 % Sodium 00 .04% Chloride 00 .03% Iron 18 .67mg/kg Zinc 08 .38mg/kg Phosphorus 009 473mg/kg Potassium 000 991mg/kg Manganese 1673 3333mcg/kg ~ TheNutritionally
Jack fruit also has a good amount of vitamins B6, potassium, copper and manganese. Vitamin B6 is important for the proper growth and reproductive health as it helps in helping our body produce serotonin which makes us feel better. Meanwhile, it also helps to promote healthy red blood cells, brain function and heart health. It’s also good at converting carbohydrates into energy.~ Wikipedia
Jack fruit contains fiber that can be helpful with constipation that sometimes occurs after an operation or injury like broken bones (due to sudden lack of physical movement).~ Healthline
Due to high contents of dietary fiber it can act as a great prebiotic for our gut microbes by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria like bifidobacterium and lactobacillus in our gut microbiome. This is important because it helps to improve the overall health of our body by preventing colon cancer, reducing cholesterol levels, improving digestive system function and acting as an antioxidant. ~ Wikipedia and Healthline
Jack fruit has a high amount of copper content which helps with the production of red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout our body. It also plays a role in brain development during pregnancy for both mother and fetus leading to better fetal growth. Dietary intake of this mineral can prevent osteoporosis due to its ability to increase bone mineral density (BMD). Since it’s good for heart health, consuming jackfruit regularly will lower your risk of developing heart diseases like angina pectoris, arrhythmia, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease and hypertensive heart disease. ~ Wikipedia
Jack fruit is filled with potassium content which helps to relax our blood vessels leading to lower risk of hypertension or high blood pressure. Potassium is also important for pregnant women as it’s safe for unborn fetuses especially during pregnancy week 28-36 where most bone development occurs. During this time intake of foods that are rich in magnesium, calcium and Vitamin D3 are banned by the medical community because they can lead to bone defects in their child. This makes jackfruit an excellent choice for pregnant women since it contains vitamins A, B6 and C which would aid them in fighting chronic stress due to pregnancy by helping relieve symptoms of depression . ~ Wikipedia and Livestrong
Lastly, Jackfruit contains Vitamin C which is needed for healthy skin and gums. It also helps to produce collagen that can aid in wound healing after surgeries or injuries. Lack of this vitamin can lead to scurvy due to its role of maintaining formation of collagen from amino acids proline and lysine inside our body. With that said, consuming jackfruit on a regular basis prevents you from developing diseases caused by vitamin deficiencies. ~ Wikipedia
Jackfruit has been consumed as part of the diet for many years now with some cultures believing its consumption will help increase your lifespan. In Thailand, people believe “to eat a jackfruit a day keeps the doctor away”. There are a lot more benefits from jackfruit, let’s try it!
There are around 70 species of Jackfruit, but the main commercial cultivars belong to two types: var. “indica” & var. “grailingii”. To date no one has conducted a thorough scientific analysis of all varieties and categorically assigned them as indica or grailingii so for now we’ll just go with these names. Var. indica is generally larger and sweeter than var. grailingii and also more suitable for canning because it contains less seeds and much softer flesh that breaks down easily during the processing stage.
Is Jackfruit actually in fruit season? When does it produce the biggest pods?
Jackfruit is in fruit season year round. Surinam and Brazil are leading producers of Jack fruit, with India coming in second place (most of which is for local consumption) and Thailand, Indonesia & Malaysia also producing reasonable amounts. The weirdest thing about this fruit is that it doesn’t grow according to any set calendar; i.e., all trees will produce flowers and some fruit at different times throughout the year and not necessarily together depending on many factors including temperature, rainfall etc. There seems to be a consensus amongst growers that January, February & March tend to yield larger fruits than most other months because these months have been noted by farmers as having smaller nectar quantities from where flowers develop inside the Jack fruit.
Jack’s fruit is a tropical fruit that can be eaten raw or cooked and it is a great food for people to include in their diet. It may have been one of the most important food sources in ancient times because it could grow well on marginal soils and produce large yields with little water. In addition, jackfruit has many health benefits including lowering blood pressure, cholesterol levels, diabetes risk factors and even cancer cell growth rates! If you’re looking to incorporate more healthy foods into your diet, try adding some juicy jackfruits today!
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