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OrganophosphatesOrganophosphateOrganophosphates are a class of organophosphorus compounds with the general structure O=P(OR)₃. They can be considered as esters of phosphoric acid. Like most functional groups organophosphates occur in a diverse range of forms, with important examples includin…en.wikipedia.org are the most widely used insecticides today. They are used in agriculture, the home, gardens, and veterinary practice. Organophosphate insecticides (such as diazinon) are one type of pesticide that works by damaging an enzyme in the body called acetylcholinesterase.
What are organophosphates used for?
The organophosphates produced were used as insecticides, with parathion and malathion being the first organophosphates pesticides to be synthesized in the US. Nerve gas has been used from World War I to the present day as a chemical warfare agent.
What is the history of organophosphates?
In 1932, German chemist Willy Lange and his graduate student, Gerde von Krueger, first described the cholinergic nervous system effects of organophosphates, noting a choking sensation and a dimming of vision after exposure on themselves, which they attributed to the esters themselves.
Are organophosphates safe to apply?
Organophosphates are safe to apply as long as they are applied in accordance with label directions and heeding the safety precautions. It is important to wear the proper PPE in the form of gloves, protective eyewear, and a face mask before applying organophosphates.
What is the function of organophosphate insecticides?
They function as cholinesterase inhibitors, thereby affecting neuromuscular transmission. Organophosphate insecticides, such as diazinon, chlorpyrifos, disulfoton, azinphos-methyl, and fonofos, have been used widely in agriculture and in household applications as pesticides.
Organophosphate Poisoning animation
More about Where are organophosphates used?
1. Organophosphates – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf
Sep 09, 2020 · Organophosphates also are widely used in the production of plastics and solvents. From the clinical perspective, OPs are of interest because of the toxicity produced from exposure. Nerve gas and organophosphate pesticides (OPP) are particularly important from a clinical standpoint because of the cholinergic symptoms produced from exposure.
2. Organophosphate Pesticides in the United States | Earthjustice
Aug 04, 2021 · What products are organophosphate pesticides used on? Acephate, bensulide, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, dimethoate, ethoprophos, malathion, naled, phorate, and phosmet are among the organophosphate pesticides registered for use under the category of “agricultural crops.” Where are organophosphate pesticides used in the U.S.? Volume
3. Organophosphate – Wikipedia
Organophosphates (OPs) were among the most widely used insecticides until the 21st century. And until the mid 1990s, general pesticide regulation was dependent on the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) passed in 1938 and 1947, respectively. In 1993, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was bound by a pledge made to Congress to significantly reduce the amount of pesticides used in th…
4. Fallon Nevada: FAQs: Organophosphates | CDC HSB
Organophosphates are the most widely used insecticides today. They are used in agriculture, the home, gardens, and veterinary practice. Organophosphate insecticides (such as diazinon) are one type of pesticide that works by damaging an enzyme in the body called acetylcholinesterase. This enzyme is critical for controlling nerve signals in the body.
5. Organophosphate Toxicity – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf
Jul 26, 2021 · The first organophosphate insecticide was created in the mid-1800s but was not widely used until after World War II. Organophosphates are used as medications, insecticides, and nerve agents as a weapon. Symptoms include increased saliva and tear production, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, small pupils, sweating, muscle tremors, and confusion.
6. Organophosphates – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
Organophosphates (OPs) are used primarily as pesticides, but many (eg, Sarin and VX) are also used as chemical warfare agents. These compounds inhibit the activity of acetylcholinesterase resulting in the accumulation of acetylcholine at receptors on neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
7. Organophosphates | Pesticide Types – Solutions Pest & Lawn
Organophosphates represent a group of synthetic pesticide used for the control of insect and animal pests. It is one of the most widely used pesticides in pest management and there are products available for application on residential and commercial properties as well as in agriculture to protect crops and vegetation.
8. Organophosphates: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Jun 15, 2020 · Organophosphate insecticides, such as diazinon, chlorpyrifos, disulfoton, azinphos-methyl, and fonofos, have been used widely in agriculture and in household applications as pesticides. Over 25,000…
9. Organophosphates: A Common But Deadly Pesticide – Culture
Jul 18, 2013 · In addition to their use in agriculture, organophosphates are also used in public health applications—like the elimination of the mosquitoes …
10. Organophosphate poisoning – Wikipedia
Organophosphates are used as insecticides, medications, and nerve agents. Symptoms include increased saliva and tear production, diarrhea, vomiting, small pupils, sweating, muscle tremors, and confusion. While onset of symptoms is often within minutes to hours, some symptoms can take weeks to appear. Symptoms can last for days to weeks.
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